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Common Vision Problems

The first step in understanding vision care is to understand the vision problem you’re facing. Only then can you adequately assess what vision aids you may need. Talk to your doctor about contact lenses, eyeglasses, and vision surgery. Understand how you can best address and care for your vision needs.

Common Eye Disorders People Have

Vision Problems

The eye is an extremely intricate, complicated and delicate part of the body. Just like any complex camera or optical system, the smallest deviations from the norm can throw the entire function off. As vision is so very important, it is imperative that people pay close attention to their vision needs. Taking care of your eyes is just as important as taking care of your health.

Four Primary Types of Vision Loss

Myopia

Myopia is most often caused by an abnormally long eyeball. The implications of myopia are that an individual is able to see objects near to them clearly, but unable to focus in properly on distant objects. Because the eyeball is extra long, distant objects are focused short of the retina, blurring the projected image. This problem can also be caused by a very steep curvature of the cornea, causing extra refraction and the same effect as the elongated eyeball. Myopia is the most common vision problem, affecting Over a quarter of the population. It is caused by heredity and will usually surface by the time a child is 12.  Optima 38 contact lenses are a popular choice for sufferers of myopia.

Hyperopia (farsightedness)

Hyperopia is the opposite of myopia and occurs when the eyeball is abnormally short. The result is that light rays are not yet in focus when they arrive at the retina, resulting in a blurred image. It too can be caused by an abnormal curvature of the retina. Although almost all children demonstrate a slight degree of hyperopia while young, it is most often compensated for by other parts of the eye and it’s effects decrease as they progress through their teens.  Acuvue Oasys  lenses are a great choice for lens wearers who are far sighted.

Presbyopia (aging eye)

Presbyopia results when the crystalline lens in our eyes loses its suppleness and becomes less flexible. This happens naturally with age and negatively affects the ability to focus close-up. It often becomes noticeable after the age of 40 and results in a need for bifocal or multi-focal lenses to see clearly at all distances.

Astigmatism (uneven cornea)

Astigmatism is the result of uneven curvatures of the cornea and results in an inability of the eye to focus clearly at any distance. Instead of the cornea being round like a baseball, it is has a more oval shape, similar to a football. It is often associated with myopia and causes light to focus at more than one point on the retina. The result is that objects at all distances appear distorted. It is very common to have a small degree of astigmatism, which is literally indiscernible. Very often, astigmatism is inherited.  Freshlook Colorblends Toric are great contact lenses for astigmatism sufferers.

Vision problems that are left uncorrected get worse. It is important to visit an eye care practitioner yearly, as vision overall worsens as we age.  There are contact lenses available for all four types of eye problems.  As well, any vision problems that may not be noticeable to an individual can be diagnosed by an eye care practitioner, and appropriate steps taken or plans made to address the problem or potential problem.